Sai Satchritra - Chapter XIV
Ruttonji Wadia of Nanded - Saint Moulisaheb -
In the last Chapter, we described how Baba's
word and grace cured many incurable diseases. Now, we shall describe,
how Baba blessed Mr. Ruttonji Wadia with an issue.
The life of this Saint is naturally sweet in
and out. His various doings, eating, walking and His natural sayings
are also sweet. His life is Bliss incarnate. Sai gave it out as
a means of His devotee's remembrance to Him. He gave them various
stories of duty and action, which ultimately led them to true
religion. His object may be that people should live happily in
this world, but they should be ever cautious and gain the object
of their life, viz. self-realization. We get human body as a result
of merits in past births and it is worth-while that with its aid,
we should attain devotion and liberation in this life. So we should
never be lazy, but always be on the alert to gain our end and
aim of life.
If you daily hear the Leelas (stories) of Sai,
you will always see Him. Day and night you will remember Him in
your mind, When you assimilate Sai in this way, your mind will
lose its fickleness and if you go on in this manner, it will finally
be merged in pure Consciousness.
Ruttonji of Nanded :
Now let us come to the main story of this Chapter. In Nanded,
in the Nizam state, there lived a Parsi mill-contractor and trader,
by name Ruttonji Shapurji Wadia. He had amassed a large amount
of money and had acquired fields and lands. He had got cattle,
horses and conveyances and was very prosperous. To all outward
appearances he looked very happy and contented, but inwardly,
and really he was not so. Providential dispensation is such, that
no one in this world is completely happy and rich; Ruttonji was
no exception to this. He was liberal and charitable, gave food
and clothing to the poor and helped all in various ways. The people
took him to be a good and happy man, but Ruttonji thought himself
miserable as he had no issue, male or female, for a long time.
As Kirtan (singing glories of the Lord) without love or devotion,
music of singing without rhythmical accompaniments, Brahmin without
the sacred thread, proficiency in all arts without commonsense,
pilgrimage without repentance and ornamentation without a necklace,
are ugly and useless, so is the house of a man or house-holder
without a male issue. Ruttonji always brooded on this matter and
said in his mind, "Would God be ever pleased to grant me
a son?" He thus looked morose, had no relish for his food.
Day and night, he was enveloped with anxiety whether he would
ever be blessed with a son. He had a great regard for Dasganu
Mahajat. He saw him and opened his heart before him. Dasganu advised
him to go to Shirdi, take Baba's darshan, fall at His Feet and
seek His blessing and pray for issue. Ruttonji liked the idea,
and decided to go to Shirdi. After some days he went to Shirdi,
took Baba's darshana and fell at His Feet. Then opening a basket,
he took out a beautiful garland of flowers and placed it around
Baba's neck and offered Him a basket of fruits. With great respect
he then sat near Baba, and prayed to Him saying- "Many persons
who find themselves in difficult situations come to You, and You
relieve them immediately. Hearting this, I have sought anxiously
Your Feet; please, therefore, do not disappoint me." Sai
Baba then asked him for Daksbina of Rs. five which Ruttonji intended
to give, but added, that He has already received Rs. 3-14-0 from
him, and that he should pay the balance only. Hearing this, Ruttonji
was rather puzzled. he could not make out what Baba meant. That
was the first time, he thought, that he went to Shirdi and how
was it that Baba said that He had formerly got Rs. 3-14-0 from
him? He cold not solve the riddle. But he sat at Baba's Feet and
gave the balance of the Dakshina asked for, explained to Baba
fully, as to why he came and sought His help, and prayed that
Baba should bless him with a son. Baba was moved and told him
not to be worried, and that that time his bad days had ended.
He then gave him Udi, placed His hand on his head and blessed
him saying that Allah (God) would satisfy his heart's desire.
Then after taking Baba's leave, Ruttonji returned
to Nanded and told Dasganu everything that took place at Shirdi,
He said that everything went on well there, that he got Baba's
darshan and blessing with Prasad, but there was one thing which
he could not understand. Baba said to him that he had got Rs.3-14-0
before. Please explain as to what Baba meant by this remark. He
said to Dasganu, "I never went to Shirdi before, and how
cold I give Him the sum to which Baba referred?" To Dasganu
also, it was a puzzle, and he pondered much over it for a long
time. Some time afterwards it struck him that Ruttonji had received
some days ago a Mahomedan Saint, by name Moulisaheb, in his house
and had spent some money for his reception. This Moulisaheb was
coolie-saint wellknown to the people of Nanded. When Ruttonji
decided to go the Shirdi, this Molisaheb accidentally came to
Ruttonji's house. Ruttonji knew him and loved him. So he gave
a small party in his honour. Dasganu got from Ruttonji the yadi
or memo of expenses of this reception, and everybody was wonderstruck
to see, that the expenses amounted to exactly Rs.3-14-0, nothing
more, nothing less. They all came to know, that Baba was omniscient,
that thought He lived in Shirdi, He knew what happened outside
far away from Shirdi. In fact He knew the past, present and future,
and could identify Himself heart and soul with anybody. In this
particular instance how could He know the reception given to Moulisaheb,
and the amount spent therefore, unless He could identify Himself
with him, and be One with him?
Ruttonji was satisfied with this explanation
and his faith in Baba was confirmed and increased. In due time
afterwards, he was blessed with a son and his joy knew no bounds.
It is said that he had in all a dozen (12) issues out of which
only four survived.
In a foot-note towards the end of this Chapter,it
is stated that Baba told Rao Bahadur Hari Vinayak Sathe, after
the death of his first wife, to remarry and that he would get
a son. R.B. Sathe married second time. The first two issues by
this wife were daughters and he, therefore, felt very despondent.
But the third issue was a son. Baba's word did turn out true and
he was satisfied.
Dakshina - Mimansa
Now we shall close this Chapter with a few remarks about Dakshina.
It is a well-known fact that Baba always asked for Dakshina from
people who went to see Him. Somebody may ask a question, "If
Baba was a Fakir and perfectly non-attached, why should he ask
for Dakshina and care for money?" We shall consider this
question broadly now.
First for a long time, Baba did not accept anything.
He stored burnt matches and filled His pocket with them. He never
asked anything from anybody--whether he be a devotee or otherwise.
If anybody placed before Him a pice or two, He purchased oil or
tobacco. He was fond of tobacco, for He always smoked a bidi or
Chilim (an earthen pipe). Then some persons thought that they
could not see the Saints empty-handed, and they, therefore, placed
some copper coins before Baba. If a pice was placed before Him.
He used to pocket it; if it was a two pice coin, it was returned
immediately. Then after Baba's fame had spread far and wide, people
began to flock in numbers; and Baba began to ask Dakshina from
them. It is said in the Shruti (veda) that Puja of the Gods is
not complete, unless a golden coin was offered. If a coin was
necessary in the Puja of the Gods, why should it be not so in
the Puja of the Saints also? Ultimately, the Shastras laid it
down that, when one goes to see God, King, Saint or Guru, he should
not go empty-handed. He should offer something, preferably coin
or money. In this connection we may notice the precepts recommended
by the Upanishads. The Brihadaranyak Upanishad says that the Lord
Prajapati advised the Gods, men and demons by one letter "Da".
The Gods understood by this letter that they should practice (1)
"Dama" i.e. self-control; the men thought or understood
that they should practice (2) "Dana" i.e. charity; the
demons understood that they should practice (3) "Daya"
i.e. compassion. To men Charity or giving was recommended. The
teacher in the Taittiriya Upanishad exhorts his pupils to practise
charity and other virtues. Regarding charity he says, "Give
with faith, give with magnanimity, i.e. liberally, give with modesty,
with awe and with sympathy. In order to teach the devotees the
lesson of charity and to remove their attachment to money and
thus to purify their minds, Baba extracted Dakshina from them;
but there was this peculiarity, as Baba said, that He had to give
back hundred times more of what He received. There are many instances,
in which this has happened. To quote an instance, Mr. Ganpatrao
Bodas, the famous actor, says in his Marathi autobiography, that
on Baba's pressing him often and often for Dakshina, he emptied
his money-bag before Him. The result of this was, as Mr. Bodas
says, that in later life he never lacked money, as it came to
There were also secondary meanings of Dakshina,
in many cases, in which Baba did not want any pecuniary amount.
To quote two instances - (1) Baba asked Rs.15/- as Dakshina from
Pro. G.G.Narke, who replied that he did not have even a pie. Then
Baba said, "I know you have no money; but you are reading
Yoga-Vashistha. Give Me Dakshina from that." Giving Dakshina
in this case meant - `Deriving lessons from the book and lodging
them in the heart where Baba resides'. (2) In the second case
Baba asked a certain lady (Mrs. R. A. Tarkhad) to give Rs.6/-
as Dakshina. The lady felt pained, as she had nothing to give.
Then her husband explained to her that Baba wanted six inner enemies
(lust, anger, avarice etc.) to be surrendered to Him. Baba agreed
with this explanation.
It is to be noted, that though Baba collected
a lot of money by Dakshina, He would distribute the whole amount
the same day, and the next morning He would become a poor Fakir
as usual. When Baba took His Mahasamadhi, after receiving thousands
and thousands of Rupees as Dakshina for about ten years, He had
only a few Rupees in His possession.
In short, Baba's main object in taking Dakshina,
from His devotees was to teach them the lessons of Renunciation
Mr. B. V. Deo of Thana, retired Mamlatdar, and a great devotee
of Baba, has written an article on this subject (Dakshina) in
"Shri Sai Leela" magazine, Vol.VII, P.6-26, in which
he says amongst other things, as follows:-
"Baba did not ask Dakshina from all. If some gave Dakshina
without being asked, He sometimes accepted it; and at other times
He refused it. He asked it from certain devotees only. He never
demanded it, from those devotees, who thought in their minds that
Baba should ask them for it, and then they should pay it. If anybody
offered it against His wish, He never touched it, and if he kept
it there, He asked him to take it away. He asked for small or
big amounts from devotees, according to their wish, devotion and
convenience. He asked it, even from women and children. He never
asked all the rich for it, nor from all the poor."
"Baba never got angry with those from whom
He asked Dakshina, and who did not give it. If any Dakshina was
sent, through some friend, who forgot to hand over the same to
Baba, He reminded him somehow of it and made him pay it. On some
occasons, Baba used to return some sum from the amount tendered
as Dakshina, and ask the donor to guard it or keep it in his shrine
for worship. This procedure benefited the donor or devotee immensely.
If anybody offered more than he originally intended to give, He
returned the extra amount. Sometimes, He asked more Dakshina from
some, than what they originally intended to give and, if they
had no money, asked them to get or borrow from others. From some,
He demanded Dakshina three or four times a day."
"Out of the amount collected as Dakshina,
Baba spent very little for His own sake, viz., for buying Chilim
(clay pipe) and fuel for His Dhuni (sacred fire), and all the
rest, He distributed as charity in varying proportions to various
persons. All the paraphenalia of the Shirdi Sansthan was brought,
by various rich devotees at the instance and suggestion of Radha-Krishna-Mai.
Baba always used to get wild and scolded those, who brought costly
and rich articles. He said to Mr. Nanasaheb Chandorkar, that all
His property consisted of one koupin (codpiece), one stray piece
of cloth, one Kafni and a tumrel (tinpot), and that all the people
troubled Him by bringing all these unnecessary, useless and costly
Woman and wealth are the two main obstacles in
the way of our Pramartha (spiritual life); and Baba and provided
in Shirdi two institutions, viz., Dakshina and Radha-Krishna-Mai.
Whenever they came to Him, He demanded Dakshina from them, and
asked them to go to the 'SCHOOL' (Radha-Krishna-Mai's house).
If they stood these two tests well, i.e. if they showed that they
were free from attachment for woman and wealth, their progress
in spirituality was rapid and assured by Baba's grace and blessings.
Mr. Deo has also quoted passanges from the Gita
and Upanishads; and shown that charity given in a holy place and
to a holy personage, conduces to the donors' welfare to a great
degree. What is more holy than Shirdi and its Presiding Deity
-- Sai Baba?
Bow to Shri Sai - Peace be to all